It’s always nice to get correspondence. I was contacted several months ago by Iben Olsen, a stamp collector from Denmark.
He had a fascinating old envelope in his possession, sent by the Reverend Davey, the preacher in Tamlaght Lower, in June 1946, to a man in Poland. Iben says:
One day I found a registered envelope (without any content inside). It was sent on the 11th June 1946, by the Reverend W. E. Davey, of Glenone Rectory, Portglenone, Co. Antrim, Ireland.
The envelope had been sent to Andreyej Semkowiez, Baclawicka 10, LWOW, in Poland.
The letter never reached Andreyej Semkowiez and was returned to the sender after a journey via CCCP (Russia), Zone Post Office 21 (in June 1946), then onto a sorting office at Krakow 28 (also during June 1946), and then returned to Ballymena.
With the knowledge that we have today, with the sad history of the area when Lwow (now Lviv – Lemberg), one imagines that the envelope today possibly indicates a sad story for the family Semkowiez – or perhaps it was just indicative of normal difficulty in delivering post in the area after the Second World War.
The postal history and the possibility that the envelope may hold a story, gave me an idea to write an article for our Stamp Journal.Iben Olsen
Some Background on Reverend Davey
William Edwin Davey preached in Tamlaght Lower (Innisrush) church between 1944 and 1948.
He was installed at the church in March 1944. Many fellow clergymen from various parts of County Derry and neighbouring parishes, attended a large inauguration service on Friday 31st March 1944, in the church at Innisrush.
He spent just over four years at Innisrush and preached his final service on Sunday 31st May 1948. He took up a new appointment as rector of Culmore and Muff. During his four years in Innisrush “all the church property had been repaired at a cost of 1200 pounds.”
By the late 1950s, Edwin Davey was the Rector of Sion Mills and Urney, which is in County Tyrone. By 1960 he was also Vice President of Belfast Y.M.C.A. Radio Club.
The more I thought about the returned letter (note, we don’t have the letter itself, merely the envelope), the more questions Iben and myself came up with.
- What prompted the Reverend Davey to write to this person in Poland?
- Where did he get the person’s name and address?
- Was this a one-off letter, or one letter in an ongoing dialog with this Polish man?
- Was it part of a post-war Church of Ireland venture?
- Perhaps this was a personal project of the Reverend Davey.
- Once returned to sender, how did the envelope make it’s way into the public domain again?
Given how long ago this was, and the fact that everyone is now long since dead, we can only speculate as to the answers to these questions.
Polish population transfers (1944–1946)
The Reverend Davey, like everyone else, would have been aware via the newspapers of the day, of the terribe events in the aftermath of the war.
At the end of the Second World War, and in the subsequent years, there was much ongoing turmoil, especially across Eastern Europe.
There were large transfers of Polish people between 1944 and 1946, from the eastern part, of what had been pre-war Poland. Poles were expelled from their homes, villages and towns. This forced migration was brought on by Russian policy, and was agreed to by the Allies.
More than one million Polish people were forced to move. They were moved in stages out of the Polish areas that had been annexed by the Russian army.
The Polish forced migrations were among the biggest of several post World War Two expulsions in Central and Eastern Europe. In total some 20 million people were displaced during this period.
A clue is perhaps in the recipient’s name.
Andreyej Semkowiez – Andreyej is a male christian name. It has Greek and Polish origins. In the west, it is the equivalent of Andrew. In Poland and Greece, the name means ‘man’ or ‘warrior’. The name is used mostly in Polish speaking countries.
Semkowiez – the surname is not so common. I couldn’t find anything directly on the name. It seems linked to other similar names like Semkow and Senkowitz, and appears in Poland, as well as in the Eastern part of Germany. It is most likely a Jewish name.
Persecution of the Jews
From the newspapers of the time, we see that the churches across Britain and Ireland were well aware of the terrible suffering in Poland both during, and after, the second world war. They had been doing their best to send aid to those in need.
The protestant churches across Britain, and the North of Ireland, essentially had a joint aid program to help the Poles. The catholic churches across Ireland had their own independent aid program. Poland is predominantly a catholic country (93% of the population in 2015 were catholic).
There were Jewish societies across the UK during the war. Indeed the Church of Ireland (which was Mr Davey’s religious denomination) had their own society.
Here’s an advertisement I discovered from 1946, promoting a meeting in Belfast. You will note that the speaker at the meeting is a Polish Jewish reverend.
Down & Connor & Dromore Auxiliary. ANNUAL MEETING. 3-30 p.m., MONDAY. May 13th, 1946 CLARENCE PLACE MINOR HALL. Speaker — Rev. Dr. J. Joez, D.Ph. (formerly Poland). In the Chair, The Lord Bishop of Connor. Special Offerings: Tea.
Down & Connor & Dromore Auxiliary.
ANNUAL MEETING. 3-30 p.m., MONDAY. May 13th, 1946
CLARENCE PLACE MINOR HALL.
Speaker — Rev. Dr. J. Joez, D.Ph. (formerly Poland).
In the Chair, The Lord Bishop of Connor. Special Offerings: Tea.
Source: Belfast News Letter, Saturday 11th May 1946
The Reverend Davey was familiar with going to events in Belfast. I wonder if he personally attended this and similar meetings.
It’s most likely that the preacher’s undelivered letter to Andreyej Semkowiez, in the summer of 1946, was part of the church’s campaign to help the persecuted and fleeing Polish Jews in Lwow.
We can only guess that the church got the address from one of these Jewish Society talks. Whether this particular correspondence, between the Reverend Davey and Andreyej Semkowiez, was part of an ongoing dialog, we will never know.
One would fairly presume that Andreyej was some type of representative in the area. We will never know exactly why it was undeliverable – had the mail service broken down by this point, or perhaps Andreyej was already gone from the address.
Many thanks Iben for writing to me, with this story.
Technology of the Times
Before I close, a couple of further points of note. It was interesting to see that the Reverend Davey had a personal stamp at the rectory to quickly add his name and address to his envelopes. This possibly indicates that he wrote lots of letters.
But it was surprising (for me anyway) to discover that, here in the mid 1940s, the reverend had a telephone at the rectory.
For some perspective, the Mulhollands at Eden didn’t get a telephone til the mid or late 1960s.
Another indication of how few people had telephones in the area, was the Rectory’s phone number was 207. Some twenty years later, when the Mulholland’s got their number, it was in the 270’s. So in the local area, there were only some 70 new numbers handed out in the intervening two decades. This illustrates that very few homes had a phone.